Saturday, February 28, 2009
Friday, February 27, 2009
Acadians who came back to the Maritimes, came out of the woods or were released from prison camps faced a depressing and seemingly impossible situation. Their lands had been taken by the New England Planters, Loyalists or other Protestant settlers, their rights were of small concern to authorities and they had little material wealth.
Primarily farmers before the Expulsion, most Acadians had to become fishermen after in order to survive. And most were no longer their own masters but moved into a seemingly endless cycle of work and debt, as fisheries around the Gulf of St Lawrence ,from Cheticamp,to Gaspe were controlled through the 19th century by others particularly les Jersias, traders fromthe island of Jersey who had as British citizens, a monopoly on credit and the labour market. As early as 1763 Jacques Robin, a French Protestant from Jersey, convinced Acadians to go to the Miramichi area to work for him as fishermen in the Gulf of St Lawrence.
For most the sea became their life to earn a living and it gave Acadian villages a most characteristic layout, with a wharf in the middle where people would gather and where women would wait for their men to return, although many men never returned from the sea, making this a source of life and a source of tragedy.
Acadian regions took on a unique appearance, rows of small houses, usually white but sometimes painted in bright colors, long roads close to the water and a church
in the middle of the village.
Acadian women must have been as strong as the men. They gave birth to large families, and the Acadian population grew faster than the anglophone.
In the Memramcook Valley, a pleasant and fertile agricultural region,the Acadians tried to recreate the life they had known before the Expulsion. In 1765 a small group of refugees from Fort Beausejour came to that region, which had already been dyked by Acadians, and settled on the west side of the river. They were joined in 1770 by Acadians who had been prisoners for 12 years at Fort Edward in Windsor. Most of the latter settled on the west bank, son on the east Landry,Richard,Breau,LeBlanc,Comeau,Dupuis and Bourgeois.
In 1781 the first parish to be established after the Deportation was created at Memramcook.
And the story goes on, so if you have a chance to buy or borrow the book The Acadians I would recommend reading it.
Well we are on our way, to see about buying a two room tent, I sure hope it will be what we want. If any of you live in an area where you can buy and sell from Kijji Classifieds, well if you are looking for something, that is the place to go. There are good bargains to be had.
We want our tent so that we can be more comfortable when we go to the CMA2009 in Caraquet New Brunswick this summer. We have a one room tent, but it is awful small, so we want to get a more comfortable and roomy one. Last summer we went to Quebec with the tent we have now, it was ok, it served the purpose, but we are now getting greedy , we want something better. grin.
There are not too many days left for the CMA2009, and in July we go to another reunion in Fredericton, but there we will not be tenting, we have our motel room reserved, and it is only a two day event, the CMA2009 is a two week event, we want to be there for Aug.15 Acadian Day and to try and participate in as many reunions as we can and also we want to meet our Cajun Cousins.
I would like to mention that my friend Rick Arsenault has started a blog , so if you want to check his out, I am a follower of his.
Have a great day, Thanks for the lovely visit.
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
The first census of the colony, the one in 1671, was taken by Father Laurent Molin before the arrival in the spring of the first contingent of french settlers arriving from France to Acadie after the english occupation. Therefore there were 59 heads of families consisting of 320 people in Port Royal.
Elsewhere around the Canso Strait lived families of which the majorities were metis issued from the Biencourt and Latour companies who had arrived in Acadie in 1610. More census would be kept for Acadie and thus we could keep count in the population increase. The 1686 census gives us 885 persons, 1693 gives us 1068 persons, 1707 gives us 1484 and the census of 1714 gives us 2500 habitants.
In all evidence, there were no families in the contingent of the 300 men who accompanied Rozilly from France to Acadie in 1632, nor none in the group that left Dieppe in March 1633 where the Gazette de Renaudot announces the departing for Acadie.It is only in 1636 that the present of french families is mentioned in Acadie.
We know that Charles de Menou sieur of d'Aulnay got his noble name from the village of Aulnay in Loudunais province of Vienne, where he and his mother possessed many domains including the villages of Angliers,Aulnay, Martaize and possibly La Chaussee.
Thanks to the great research undertook in France by Genevieve Massignon , she found out that many french families who came to Acadie in 1636 to 1650 were originally from the villages mentioned above. She wrote that she found many same surnames as the Acadians who had left there in 1636. Which leads others to believe that Charles de Menou had at that time installed twenty french families from his area in Port Royal.After examining the parish registers of La Chaussee ,Genevieve wrote that more than half the acts form 1626 to 1650 concerned surnames that we find among the 53 Acadians in the 1671 census of Acadie. Babin, Belliveau,Bertrand,Bour,Brault,Brun,Dugast,Dupuy,Gaudet,Giroire,Joffriau,Landry,LeBlanc,Morin,Poirier,
Rimbault,SAvoie,Thibodeau,Chevrat,Gautier,Guion,Lambert and Mercier,Terriot. The seigneurie of Aulnay also included the commune of Martaize in Vienne, if we judge by the surnames of the women who married before going to Acadie, the ancestors of Aucoin,Boudrot,Doucet, and Lejeune would also come from this region.
This is just part of what I read, I do hope you have enjoyed it or learned from it.
Today I went to the genealogy center ,"centre d'etude acadienne". That genealogy center has so much stuff, I have been going there since 1976 and each time I go, there is tons of stuff I have never read or never knew it was even there. That is my second home, there I can go and relax, and dig to my hearts content, as I am researching or helping others, I keep looking for some new information on my own ancestors too.
Everyone should know who they are and where they come from, that is what we call history or rather what we should call Our family history.
Thanks for stopping by, and do come again.
Have a great day
Monday, February 23, 2009
The name of the new land of Acadie comes from one of the first explorers of the Atlantic Coast,Giovanni de Verrazzano,a captain from Florence,who had been sent to the new world by Francois1,King of France in 1524. Although Giovannie de Verrazzano did not enter the Bay of Fundy,he gave the name Arcadia to a stretch of coastline with beautiful forests. Very quickly the word grew to indicate on maps first the southeastern shores of Nova Scotia (the only part he had seen) and finally the entire Nova Scotia peninsula. After 1548 the maps carried the name Acadia instead of Arcadia.
Why did the French originally come to Acadie? The most obvious reason was economic. In the 17th century ,people in predominantly Catholic countries such as France were forbidden to eat meat for more than 160 days a year,so demand for fish was high. The most obvious choice was cod .There were plenty found on the banks of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, and in the gulf of St Lawrence. According to Champlain in 1618 it was possible to fish a million cod annually. The Parisians prefered salt cod,the Italians and Portuguese prefered dried cod. source: The Acadians by Henri-Dominique Paratte.
When the Acadians settled in Acadie, many of them relied on hunting for food.Wild game such as moose, deer, beavers,rabbits,bear,porcupine,raccoons, all kinds of birds,doves, ,pheasants,pigeons,ducks,partridge. Can you imagine how plentiful wild animals were? Although probably the native americans also hunted for their food, and possibly they must have given the Acadians some ideas of how to hunt and trap. The Native Americans had survived our cold winter seasons and they shared their knowledge of how to make winter clothing out of furs and hides with our ancestors. They must also have shown our ancestors what plants to eat, and what ones to use for medecin, how to make tools and maybe even show them how to trap.
Now when our ancestors relocated near the water, many turned to the sea for food, and again the oceans were abundant with fish, especially Cod, and they could eat all the delicacies ,lobster, scallops, clams, quahawgs,mussels, (gee I wish I could go back in time ,just long enough to eat all the good things.grin). So our ancestors did not want for food at the beginning, plus they had their chicken, hogs, cattle, their gardens, and their fruit trees and berries.
Can you imagine after the deportation, and when they were attacked and had to flee for their lives into the woods for long periods of time? Then the food was not as plentiful, the winter weather was ferocious, many starved to death and many froze to death. I sit back and think about this, and imagine how it must have been such a terrible time for them. We may wonder what happened to Joe Savoie, or Marie LeBlanc, or Isabelle Cormier ,and wonder why we cannot find any records of deaths, it could very well be possible that they died while fleeing their enemies and we will never ever know for sure except we know they deserve to rest in peace.
I do hope you have enjoyed today's blog and will return. I see I now have 13 followers, my first goal is to reach 25, can I do it?
Have a great day.
Sunday, February 22, 2009
The lady in white:
This was a story that scared us all through our lifetime.We lived on lot 7 and we were the only catholics in the area and it seemed we were not wanted there. I don't know if this was true but I had heard it said. My sister who is now deceased was babysitting my younger brother one day and there was a lady taking care of me because my Mom was sick and mother had decided to come get me that day. My other sister who is still living was also at the house.It was a small house,the door was hard to open.It was so hard to close that it wore the floor down.It was in the spring and my sister remembers that the door opened and closed three times. She never saw anything, but my sister who has died saw a lady dressed in white enter into the house. My late sister said" there was something telling me to go to the door and you won't be afraid.Then she met the lady who brushed her with her veil three times and she moaned three times and then she left and dissappeared.
Then my sister said to my other sister"Go see if there is anyone around the house" B.ecause it was spring and there was mud they saw footprints.Then she said "Watch our brother , I will go meet mother she might still be sick."
Mother saw her coming and noticed how pale she was and asked her what happened. Your father didn't drown did he? They were always afraid. The daughter said " No there was a lady in white who came into the house. Then the daughter fainted. Then mother went and saw the priest and found out that another young woman saw the same thing in that same house.
We never slept there that night,we left and never returned. And that was the scare of our lifetime. When we would talk about the lady in white, everyone would be afraid. We would go to bed at night and at that time it was dark, and sometimes we would think we saw the lady in white and come downstairs in fear. The children all died the following spring and mother said she believes that all the moaning from the lady in white was a prediction , but she was very superstitious and it took us a long time to get that fear out of our system.
Was it superstition or was it a prediction?
Did I ever tell you about my late husband Gerry? Well he had Alzheimers and I was taking care of him at home , I had his bed in our front room, so he could look out the window and watch the birds and he could also watch the television. His sickness progressed and he could no longer walk or get up by himself. One day I was in the kitchen preparing his meal, and I always peaked around the corner to see if he was ok. This paticular day, I believe it was the end of June or first part of July, I peaked around the corner, and I saw him, he had a glow on his face and the most beautiful smile I had ever seen and he was half sitting in his bed and he had one of his arms stretched way out as if he was reaching, his eyes were focussed straight ahead as if he was seeing someone. When he saw me looking, he gently laid back and that was the only time I ever saw this. He passed away July 27th, and I honestly believe he did see someone or something.
Do you have any such stories or legends or supersticions you want to share?You can click on the comment at the bottom and share them with us.
I notice I now have 13 followers, I am slowly getting up to my first quoto of 25 followers, thank you for encouraging me to keep my blogs going.
Thank you for the visit and do stop by again.
Have a great day
Friday, February 20, 2009
Changing the subject, I had been looking for the death of my great grandmother for a long time and I could not find her, she is not listed in the parish records. Finally I got a break and found her listed under Rosie and not Rose ,in the provincial archives, and Mom told me that when she died my grandmother just had a baby and could not go to the funeral, but she got out of bed when she was not suppose to, and watched the hearse go past her house, she said I cannot go to the funeral but I will see Mom go by. I checked Mom's story, and she was absolutely correct, Rose died December 4, my aunt was born Dec 6 and Rose was buried Dec.7. I received the death records for Rose, she died at the age of 67 of pneumonia. They say 'things comes to those who wait" ,well that is correct, it took me close to thirty years to find the death of my great grandfather but I finally did.
I am working on my website, and helping organize our Bergeron-Damboise Reunion, and moving . We are moving two doors down from my Mom, that will be a good thing, if she needs us we will be close by. She is doing pretty good, she told me it doesnt hurt as much when she moves around.
Well I do hope you enjoyed my blog. Please stop by again.Thank you.
Have a great day.
Sunday, February 15, 2009
Friday, February 13, 2009
ACADIAN HOMES . Have you ever wondered about the way our ancestors lived? The photo on the right is about 200 years old, I found it in the genealogy center along with an article on old Acadian houses by Father Anselme Chiasson. The article includes extracts from document of when they talked about the Acadian houses. So here are some of them.In Menneval Memoirs in 1688 he says, Port Royal is an area that has around 20 awful looking houses of mud and wood. There is only around six houses and the rest far from one another about 6 or 7 lieus all along the Port Royal River.In 1731 Robert Hale wrote the following: They have but one room in yr houses besides a Cockloft,Cellar, and sometimes a closet. Their bedrooms are made something after ye manner of a Sailor's Cabin, but boarded all round about the bigness of ye bed, except one little hole on the foreside, just big eno' to crawl into, before which is a curtain drawn and as a step to get into it, there stands a Chest. They have not above two or three chairs in a house and those wooden one, bottom and all. I saw but 2 Muggs among all ye French and ye lip of one of ym was broken down above 2 inches.When they treat you with strong drink the bring it in a large bason and give you a Porringer to dip it with. Desbarres's papers in 1795 describe the homes this way: The premises of every one seem to be a house from 18 to 25 ft long and as many in breadth without porch or partition but the outer door opening immediately into the sole room. There are generally two doors, the one being that which is used . The chimney of which the lower part is stone and clay wrought upon cross bars of wood beneath a wooden frame is in the remotest part from the door.The Beds are on both sides of the house from chimney to the doors. In the end of the house opposite to the chimney, the pots and water vessels lie on the floor, and the Milk and Milk vessels are disposed of on shelves, together with their bowls, muggs,etc. As they all sleep ,eat, cook,smoke,wash etc in this house or room, I need not say it must look black and dirty enough particularly as the houses are now old. Behind the Chimney on the out side is an oven of clay, the opening to which for bread and fire is on the In side back of th chimney. The oven rests on a square wall of Loggs or stone around an appartment three or four feet in the square, where a few pigs enter on the out side, and lie warm from the heat of the chimney and oven. In their barns they are more sumptuous. They are from fourty to fifty feet in lenght, from twenty to thirty in breadth and from ten to fifteen hight, the lower story destined for the cattle and the upper for the corn,hay,and threshing floor; At a distance they sett off the whole place. I had almost forgot to mention that their houses have a cellar under ground for the roots to which they descend from a trap door in the floor.
An old house in Memramcook in 1846. In June 1846 ninety one years after the Grand Derangement, in an old log house situated near the Cran a Ben on the east side of the Memramcook River around 3 miles from the church lived happily an acadian family Amand Landry and his wife Pelagie Caissie, four children, the youngest named Pierre age one month, also living with them was Allain Landry widow and Natalie Landry.
This log home was poorly built, not much lighting and not comfortable in the winter. In the center of the house was a huge Chimney made with stones poorly assembled. The house was divided into two parts by a wall of boards. During the winter they only used the southern part of the house that only had two windows one south and one west. Near the chimney was the door to the cellar where they would go by with a small ladder. This cellar was but a hole where the light did not shine in because there were windows, and the house would get cold because of the cold cellar.One side of the house was one big room that held the kitchen, dining room,bedroom. Around the room, there were three bedrooms which could be 7x10 feet each with no windows. The guest room was in the attic ,the floors were wooden and in this room there was a wooden bed. A cradle of rough wood, three or four chairs, three or four Chests and a table was all the room contained. A large square stove adorned the humble and frugal abode. They had five arpents of land, about 15 arpents of meadow, a barn ,four or five cows, hens, geese,turkeys, ducks and pigs. (written by an elderly man in Memramcook named Landry.
Now you have an idea what the houses were, and you must also notice that our Acadian ancestors were not rich, they survived the best way they knew how. They were a strong people , the more you read about them the more you will realize this, they had hard times, shed a lot of tears I am sure, and did not give up.
I hope you enjoyed this blog, I got this information in the SHA=Societe Historique Acadienne.
Have a great day, thank you for the visit. Just a note to say, Mom is doing pretty good, she still cannot walk but my family is all praying that she will do so soon.
Tuesday, February 10, 2009
Please check in once in a while to see if have added more blogs ok?
Have a great day
Sunday, February 08, 2009
April 2 1759.:
The fifth of March, Lieutenant Hazen of the Rangers came in from a scout of fifteen days with a party of sixteen Rangers, up the River St John's, he brought in with him six French scalps and six prisoners. Lieutenant Hazen reports that he had been up to St.Anne's which is 140 miles up this river from Fort Frederick, where it was expected he would have found a strong garrison of the enemy,but on his arrival he found the town evacuated which he set fire to, burnt a large Mass house with a bell of about 300 pounds, a large store house and many valuable buildings amounting in the whole to 147, to-gether with a large quantity of hay, wheat, oats etc. killing 21 horses about 56 heads of cattle, a large number of hogs etc, and that he took the prisoners and scalps with eleven of his party on his return near Grimross, and that the inhabitants of St.Anne's are chiefly gone to Canada, the remainder scattered in the woods. He was pursued by thirty or forty of the enemy but not overtaken and that he found a large new schooner up the river which was taken lately from Capt.Grow, he bought one horse with him to Fort Frederick where he arrived in good health without the loss of one man/
As to what Acadians were in Sainte Anne de Pays Bas in 1759, I do know that in 1739 the census taken by Jean Pierre Danielou (priest) mentions the families of Pierre Bellefeuille, Louis Bellefontaine, widow Angelique Bellefontaine, her son Bonaventure, her son in law Michel Saindon and family,Pierre Laforest, Rene Valcour,Charles Boisjoli,Jean Laforest, Francois Roy his family ,and son Francois and his fiance,Barthelemy Bergeron, St Aubin,Augustin St Aubin, Jean Dugas, Beausejour Joseph, Michel st Aubin, his mother and their children.So this was twenty years before the massacre, in twenty years more children would have been born or grandchildren etc.
The SHRSJ, (River St John Historical Society) is planning an event in Fredericton New Brunswick to commemorate the massacre by Hazen and this event will be held the same time as our Bergeron-Damboise reunion July 18/19 2009. The more descendants that attend this event held by the SHRSJ the better it will be. They are hoping to have the location of the old St Anne des Pays Bas church, rectory and cemetery declared a historical site. I do not know their schedule . I think they have something planned for our Bergeron-Damboise reunion, and we have a hall for the second day. If you have any Bergeron-Damboise somewhere among your ancestors and you would like to attend our reunion, the Bergeron Association is asking for a twenty dollar fee each adult to have with the cost of the reunion. You can join our Bergeron-Damboise group at firstname.lastname@example.org
On another note I have added another obit on my seniors 101 and over page at http://www.acadian-roots.com/
Thanks for the visit and do come again.
Have a great day
Thursday, February 05, 2009
What about our ancestors of long ago? I don't imagine they had shanties, so if they went ice fishing, it sure must have been cold for them. And making a hole in the ice must have been hard to do back then. But probably they were used to the cold, and back then ,roads were not that plentiful, so many of our ancestors used the rivers to travel. In the winter with horses and sleds in the summer by boats. Take Prince Edward Island for instance, there were no bridges or ferries back then, so they had to cross the strait the best way they could, again by sled in the winter and boat in the summer. And what would our ancestors have fished? Well Cod was their most important fish, then probably they fished Herring, Makerel, Trout,Smelts,Gaspareaux. One thing for sure if they could fish, they would have plenty to choose from , plus the lobster, crab, and shellfish. And the ancestors who were not near the water, hunted for wild game to feed their families, Moose, Deer,Bear,Rabbits,Porcupine,Beaver,Partridge, Duck,Pigeons, oh yes they ate all of the wild game they could catch.
I was reading when the Acadians were led to safety through they woods, and the article said, they lived on Beavers,Rabbits, or any animal they could catch, depending on the time they travelled, Berries would have been plentiful too. But there came a time, some of our ancestors were fleeing into the woods to avoid being captured and during the cold winter months, there would not be any berries, and the snow would have probably hindered their hunting, can you imagine walking in the deep snow in the woods, trying to hunt? I only walk from our steps to the car and if there is a lot of snow, I get really tired. That is why many Acadians died in the woods, from the cold and from starvation. So very sad. If we only stop and imagine how awful it was for them, we would be so grateful for what we have today.
Well this is it for today, hope you enjoyed my blog and will come by again.
Have a great day.
Wednesday, February 04, 2009
Tuesday, February 03, 2009
For the ones who haven't made their reservations for the Acadian World gathering in Caraquet, and surrounding areas, some of the hotels and motels are already all booked. Do not wait too long. If you cannot find accomodations close by, try Bathurst .
Do you have children who like to read? I have added some children books on my website ,and I am trying to add some that are Acadian related, they are not all Acadian related but some of the stories are set in the times of the Acadians, some are fiction but if you read the stories it has things that could have been possible. Such as a Mister LeBlanc had to leave his home and, this little girl befriends a little Acadian girl who is a LeBlanc. I think these stories would be nice to give our children or grandchildren to read. I keep on looking for more such books to add to my book corner. But the books I love most of all are the ones I wrote for my grandchildren. One I made into a book on my Mom and her two brother's adventures, of course my Mom gave me all the stories and I wrote them.
One of the stories was that Mom and her two brothers went fishing, and my grandmother made a fishing net and gave it to the younger brother, who had a cripple arm and when they went fishing Mom and the older brother fished at one end and the younger one decided to go further down river, and all of sudden they looked up and he was coming towards them with a really big fish caught in the net. And another time, Mom said they went picking berries and the youngest one who was always getting into trouble was carrying a stick and he saw something on the ground and before Mom could say Don't touch it. He poked it and it was a bee hive so they ran for their lives. I made it so that it would be interesting to read.
That book is in my grandaughter's possession, for my grandson, I wrote two books, one was about his Papa, his late grandfather. So he would not be forgotten. I wrote about him being little and he wore thick glasses and they boys would call him four eyes, and when his younger brother heard them tease him, he ran after them. And I also mentioned in the book how much Papa loved him and his sister. The third book I wrote was about Fluffy their pet, and I was talking as if I were Fluffy, that I had been a happy dog and now I was in doggy heaven and I seen Papa and another dog that I knew. I added photos of the dog in the book. My grandchildren have both saved those books. These are really what we should write about. It would be just like history books, but it would be history books that are personal. Even if you don't have children, write them down for your nieces ,nephews, or for whoever you think would appreciate them. Now is the time if you have parents grandparents aunts and uncles, ask them questions, write down what they say.As I said before, once they are gone, so are their memories. I would love to have been able to sit and talk with my grandmother, because Mom said she had a really good memory.
My dad's side , I don't have many stories because Dad did not have a good memory, and the grandparents were gone by the time I got interested in genealogy. But dad told me one story once, that when he was really young, he had his father's truck and was going down Main Street and lost control of the truck and landed through the window at Woolworths right among some Kewpie dolls. grin. Do you remember what Kewpie dolls were? I seem to remember seeing some at a circus long ago.
Well I hope you enjoyed today's blog. It pleases me to remember things and to share them with all of you. I hope you will stop by again.
Have a great day, stay safe